Public Economics: Expenditures

This page offers supplementary links to in-class lectures.

Assorted links

How much do you know about the federal budget? PGPF

Direct government payments by program, USDA

Tax expenditures, Treasury

The budget and economic outlook, CBO

Social insurance programs, BEA NIPA 3.12

Government consumption expenditures, BEA NIPA 3.15.5

Article I, Section 7, Clause 1, US Constitution

Article I, Section 9, Clause 7, US Constitution

Budget request, NASA

Budget request, DOD

President's budget, OMB

Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2023

Agency contingency plans, OMB

Budget of the US government (overview),

Q&A: Everything you should know about the government shutdowns, CRFB

Appropriations watch: FY2023

Policy basics: Introduction to the federal budget process, CBPP

Why the US government is shutting down, Vox

How the government shutdown affects you, CNN

Biden demands details on budget cuts from McCarthy, NYT

In debt limit fight, Republicans won't say what spending cuts they want, NYT

Biden and McCarthy are set to discuss debt limit as both sides trade barbs, NYT

What is the national deficit? Treasury

Financial reports of the United States government, Treasury

Q&A: Everything you should know about the debt ceiling, CRFB

Debt limit, Treasury

Portfolio holdings of US and foreign securities, Treasury

Monthly statement of the public debt, Treasury

When the US paid off the entire national debt, Planet Money

Government deficit as a share of GDP, OMB 1.2


A lesson in measuring the federal debt, FRED

What is the national debt? Treasury

Gift Contributions to Reduce the Public Debt, Treasury

"Use this form for contributions to reduce the public debt." (Minimum $5),

Day of the debt, Planet Money

Debt ceiling, West Wing

Government expenditures, BEA NIPA 3.1

Government spending as a share of GDP, Treasury

Outlays by Budget Enforcement Act Category: 1962–2027, OMB 8.1

Spending by category, in billions, renamed

Balancing the federal budget in 10 years without raising taxes is...impossible, TPC

Want a balanced federal budget? It'll cost you, The Indicator

CBO: $19 trillion in new debt over the next decade, mostly from programs nobody will cut, TPC

Understanding bids and contracts, Georgia Department of Administrative Services

Private prisons help with overcrowding, but at what cost? PBS News Weekend

Geo Group locations

Private prisons in the United States, The Sentencing Project

Industry profile: Correctional facilities construction and management/for-profit, Open Secrets

GEO Group puts money, lobbyist into defeating bill to prohibit private prisons in Virginia, Prison Legal News

GOMI Survey and Catalogs, Georgia Department of Community Affairs

National Fire Department Registry quick facts, U.S. Fire Administration

What does it take to become a volunteer firefighter?